SAT Essay Purpose and Supporting Research

SAT Essay Purpose and Supporting Research

New SAT Essay

The 2016 SAT includes an essay section that has been significantly redesigned. Students are no longer expected to complete the essay, but universities that are many the submission of essay scores, as well as the College Board recommends that most students take this portion of the SAT so that you can demonstrate reading, writing, and analysis skills. Enough time given for the essay has been doubled to 50 minutes, additionally the essay task happens to be centered on analysis of a disagreement as opposed to taking a position type essays on an issue. Students write a single essay based on a prompt that is largely consistent across all administrations of this SAT.

The school Board cites the requirement to separate essay writing off their verbal skills and institutional desire for more specific essay scoring criteria while the major known reasons for the SAT essay redesign, but popular criticism was certainly also an issue. Opponents for the old SAT essay saw the assessment as an unhealthy and somewhat arbitrary predictor of college success. These criticisms were to some degree supported by independent research. One study, for instance, found a correlation that is strong essay length and score.

The essay prompt when it comes to 2016 SAT asks students to analyze a text this is certainly between 650 and 750 words in length. All essay reading passages are argumentative, meant for general readerships, and extracted from historical or sources that are contemporary. Student essays must consider author usage of evidence to guide claims, reasoning to develop ideas and also to connect claims, and stylistic and persuasive elements such as for example word choice or appeals to emotion. Inside their essays, students should analyze the argument advanced into the reading passage rather than write about their views that are own the subject. The consistent nature associated with the essay prompt implies that test-takers will know the essay that is basic ahead of time, while they will likely not understand the particular reading passage in advance. This change is seen as an effort to more closely align the SAT essay with the types of essays which can be written on college exams.

SAT Essay Scoring

The 2016 SAT essay is scored separately from the Evidence-Based Reading and Writing and Math sections. Three scores are given: Reading, Analysis, and Writing. Each of these will undoubtedly be on a scale of 2-8. Two scorers read each essay independently and provide a score of just one to 4 in each area. A score of 4 is recognized as “Advanced,” while 1 is “Inadequate.” Evaluation criteria include comprehension of essay reading passages, explanation and analysis of argument, and effectiveness of essay writing.

Student preparation should emphasize analytical skills pertaining to written texts in a broad variety of general-interest publications. An experienced SAT tutor can provide relevant reading lists, understanding of how the SAT essay is scored, differentiated instruction with regards to essay-writing skill development, and assessment of progress. Informed sources generally concur that private SAT preparation is more advanced than self-study methods or pre-recorded video instruction because of the presence of a live teacher.

The SAT Essay is meant to mix with all the Writing and Language Test to provide a broad assessment of writing skills. College Board goals that are relevant to the SAT Essay include “an emphasis on source analysis and employ of evidence,” “attention to a core group of important English language conventions and also to effective written expression,” and “text complexity aligned to college and career readiness amounts of reading.” Research has shown that college texts are much more difficult than the majority of the materials that students encounter in high school. A 2009 study demonstrated a steady and lengthy decline in the complexity of texts used in the secondary level, and College Board data on SAT scores verify that too little students are graduating from high school because of the verbal skills required by college courses. Based on College Board surveys, postsecondary instructors consider textual analysis to be probably the most essential of college-level skills. Studies also indicate that writing abilities may not be acquired through direct instruction alone; opportunities for regular practice should be included. The latest SAT Essay is designed to address these issues and improve on older writing assessments that lots of educators saw as arbitrary with regards to evaluation criteria much less than ideal with respect to pedagogical or predictive value.

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